An ecological niche supports a complex community of micro organisms, interacting along the way, to sustain itself. In understanding the functioning of a biological niche from the microbial perspective, our attempt is primarily focused on understanding the diversity of the microbes present and their functional role in sustaining the ecosystem. The YSS lab and National Centre of Microbial Resources (NCMR) work jointly, sharing resources and expertise in working on some of the pressing issues in microbial taxonomy, diversity and ecology. Using extensive –omics approaches, we strive to highlight and understand the role of microbes in our research themes. The work culture and facilities attract students from diverse background, both nationally and internationally, and work with the right scientific spirit towards enhancing knowledge of the microbial realm.